It’s hard to imagine a time when the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) didn’t exist in the United States, but it actually wasn’t until 1970 that President Richard Nixon signed the order to create the agency.
From 1971 until 1977, the EPA hired freelance photographers to document just how bad the environmental problem was in the U.S. at the time.
These old photographs show just how polluted America’s air and waterways were before the EPA stepped in and cleaned them up. You can view more from the series here on Flickr.
1. “The Atlas Chemical Company Belches Smoke across Pasture Land in Foreground”
2. “Smog Hangs Over Louisville And Ohio River, September 1972”
3. “Burning Barge On The Ohio River”
4. “Detroit Lake the Dam”
5. “Paddlewheel Steamboats Seen From Banks Of Ohio River”
6. “Litter Left In The Ohio River”
7. “Broken Glass From “No-Deposit, Non-Returnable” Bottles Along the Washington Shore of the Columbia River in a Public Picnic Area”
8. “The Job Of Clearing Drift From The Potomac And Anacostia Rivers Is Done By The Army Corps Of Engineers”
9. “Warning of Polluted Water at Staten Island Beach Verrazano-Narrows Bridge in Background”
10. “Abandoned Car in Jamaica Bay”
11. “Sand Covers Abandoned Car on Beach at Breezy Point South of Jamaica Bay”
12. “Outflow Pipe 6 of the Oxford Paper Company Will at Rumford on the Androscoggin River”
13. “Mary Workman Holds A Jar of Undrinkable Water That Comes from Her Well, and Has Filed A Damage Suit Against the Hanna Coal Company”
14. “International Paper Company Mill at Jay on the Androscoggin River”
15. “Cleaning Up the Roadside in Onset”
Powerful photos, that’s for sure.